Why Diversity

Valerie Patton
Executive Director, St. Louis Business Diversity Initiative
Click here to view Valerie’s bio

If you mention diversity, most corporate leaders will acknowledge either verbally or through a head nod and agree that it’s a good thing. Still, in many cases, business diversity initiatives have been categorized in the same manner as corporate giving and office philanthropy a nice thing to do which may or may not yield any bottom line benefits, but is essential to the business’ well being.

I think this is not entirely true. Diversity is a competitive advantage for companies to survive and thrive in today’s business environment. The introduction of different voices, with different perspectives, backgrounds, priorities and orientations helps companies identify opportunities and succeed in new markets. An example of this is PepsiCo, which has developed ethnic advisory boards that have input into new product creation. The African American advisory board played an integral role in the launch of the Mountain Dew Red product for which the target market was the young African American community. By seeking the input of this group, the launch of the product was one of the most successful in the company’s history. As the demographics of the St. Louis region and the United States change and the global economic forces have a greater impact on the business environment, it is imperative for companies to respond with a work force that can reach a changing customer base comprised of people who understand the changes that are taking place.

So, what is diversity? Diversity has many definitions. At its core, it means embracing differences. As it relates to the workplace, diversity is people — measurable human capital, specifically, groups who have not traditionally been part of the workplace majority and with limited access to opportunity (Business Case for Diversity, 2006). These groups include: Blacks; Latinos; Asian Americans; Native Americans; women in executive roles; individuals with disabilities; and gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (GLBT) people.

Our demographics are changing. People of color are expected to make up 49.9 percent of the United States population by 2050 (U.S. Census Bureau). This represents a significant shift in the country’s cultural, racial and ethnic mix. This dramatic shift suggests there will be a different societal makeup. To understand the growth of the different population sectors, your company needs to be in a position to look closely at the facts and factors that are driving the growth. Companies who develop and execute effective diversity initiatives will begin to reap the benefits of the growth.

With the senior levels of management involved in diversity initiatives, it demonstrates that they understand the bottom-line benefits of being inclusive. The direct involvement of senior management sends a strong message to the stakeholders that the corporate leadership cares, enabling them to reach the broadest possible markets with the best talent. By valuing diversity, companies have the ability to cultivate the best possible employee base because the pool being developed by the organization allows for the attraction and retention of employees at much higher rates.

It is important for companies to communicate their commitment to diversity to both their internal and external audiences. Their commitment to inclusiveness is both a benefit to the employee and customer. It is important to reflect the commitment to diversity in target market campaigns, mission statements and by celebrating and valuing the richness of different cultures and ethnic groups. Diversity is a competitive advantage.